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North Macedonia


The Law on Citizenship of North Macedonia allows for the acquisition of citizenship without any previous residence requirements for persons who represent a ‘special economic interest’ for the country.  The Government of North Macedonia has officially opened the Citizenship Investment Program (CIP) on 13th December 2019. The New citizenship by investment program in North Macedonia is aimed at boost foreign investments in the country towards a greater prosperity and economic growth.

The Citizenship by Investment program of Republic of North Macedonia by which FITD (Fund for Innovation and Technology Development) determines the economic interest for citizenship, was launched by the Government of North Macedonia on the 13th December 2019.

Why North Macedonia?

  • Strategic geographical position.
  • Member of NATO and EU candidate country.
  • Future candidate country for EU membership.
  • Highly liberalized foreign trade policy.
  • Stable monetary environment with one of the lowest inflation rates.
  • Low tax environment (10% personal and corporate income tax)
  • Fast company registration.
  • Lowest priced property market in Europe.
  • Highly qualified workforce.

North Macedonia officially is a country in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. The capital and largest city, Skopje, is home to roughly a quarter of the nation’s 2.06 million inhabitants. The small Balkan country of Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) officially changed its name, renamed to North Macedonia in Feb 2019 after resolving a dispute with Greece. The country has GDP of $33 billion. North Macedonia ranks high in terms of human development, and provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education to its citizens and primarily attracts businesses and investors with low taxes. North Macedonia is a the crossroads of eastern european surrounded by Greece and Albania. It is a developing country and upper middle income economy. Since 2005, the country has also been a candidate for joining the European Union and joined the NATO Alliance on 27 March 2020. North Macedonia’s EU accession bid was approved on 24 March 2020.

Key industries

  • Machine and automotive components
  • Information and Communication Technology
  • Agribusiness and Food Processing
  • Textile and clothing
  • Energy
  • Pharmaceuticals and Medical devices
  • Wine industry


Becoming a citizen of North Macedonia has a number of benefits

  • Candidate country to join EU in the future
  • Fast track citizenship with no residency conditions
  • A Discrete CBI scheme in Europe for privacy.
  • Lifetime citizenship for future family generations
  • Visa free access to 120+ destinations (Schengen, Japan, etc)
  • Free primary and secondary education
  • E-1/E-2 visa treaty with United States
  • Low tax country
  • Limited quota of 1000 investors

Legal Basis

Pursuant to Article 22 paragraph 1 of the Law on Innovation Activity (“Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia” No. 79/13, 137/13, 41/14, 44/15, 6/16, 53/16, 190/16 and 64/18), the Managing Board of the Fund for Innovation and Technology Development, at the session, held on 19.04.2021in Skopje.

Article 3 of the Citizenship Act on economic interest in terms of this decree exists if a foreigner who submitted application for acquiring citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia, has invested capital with:
– direct investment;
– donation;
– purchase of securities;
– purchase of shares;
– know-haw (knowledge and experience);
– innovation;
– new technologies 
A special economic interest, in the sense of the decree, exists if a foreigner who submitted it application for acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia, invested capital in amount of at least 400,000 euros per person as a direct investment in new facilities, with exception of catering facilities for food and trade facilities, with at least ten permanent employees for a period of at least one year.

Investment Conditions

North Macedonia launched citizenship for investment initiative pursuant to laws in 2017. The following investment options are available..

  • Private Investment Fund – €200,000 euro invested for a period of 2 years (refundable).
  •  Business – €400,000 for one year (refundable) creating 10 jobs.
  •  Shares or Securities – €400,000 for one year (refundable)
  • Direct investment Fund– €5,000,000 euro attracting atleast 20 foreigners. (refundable).

Note: Direct investments in real estate or in properties are not eligible for citizenship. Business investments are also restricted in hospitality sector.

Government processing fee

  • Main applicant – €50,000
  • Spouse – €25,000
  • Each child – €10,000


  • Be over 18 years of age.
  • Make the qualifying investment.
  • Have a clean criminal record.
  • Not have entered or stayed illegally in North Macedonia.
  • Not have previous visa refusal from EU schengen area.


Official CIP Guidelines – Download pdf
CBI Brochure – Download pdf

Processing Times

The decision is approved by the authorities after background checks, the naturalisation certificate and passport will be issued in 3-5 months.

Approved Private Funds

The following two funds have been currently approved to participate in the program.

1. North Macedonia Economic Development

  • Registered Symbol: MKED
  • SEC No: RPIF 2225022020NOMAEKDE7385200
  • Fund Management by: Economic Development dooel Skopje
  • Fund Management Registration No: 7385200

2. North Macedonia Industrial Innovation Fund

  • Registered Symbol: MKII
  • SEC No: RPIF 2325022020NOMAININ7385404
  • Fund Management by: Industrial Innovation dooel Skopje
  • Fund Management Registration No: 7385404

The investment is restricted and cannot be invested in hotels and trade sectors.

The Government introduced citizenship path to investors easing residency requirements for foreign investors who buy real estate in Macedonia to boost the economy.

Private Investment Fund

The PFMC can be a newly created entity or an existing company on the Macedonian market to support of the economy, innovations and investment development of the Republic of North Macedonia and submit it to the Fund for Innovation and Technology Development (FITD)

To be eligible for the program, the PFMC has to fulfil the following conditions:

  • The PIF has to be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for which it will need to prepare a Statute and Prospectus, as well as a list of supporting documents. To be eligible for the program, the PIF has to fulfill the following conditions:
  • Proof of available capital for investments of minimum 5.000.000,00 €,
  • Minimum of 200.000€ per investor, and
  • Maximum number of 20 investors, whether individuals or legal entities.

Additional Fees

Government fee

  • EUR 15,000 for the main applicant,
  • EUR 15,000 for the spouse, and
  • EUR 10,000 for each child under 18 years

Due diligence

EUR 5000 per person

Inclusive of due diligence and other costs. There are no additional costs besides the above fee.


North Macedonia has already granted 121 citizenships for investors as of 2022, according to European commission report.

Dual Citizenship

Restricted dual citizenship applies in North Macedonia. Dual nationality is only permitted at birth (eg, binational parents). Naturalised citizens must be released from any previous nationality.

E-1/E-2 Treaty

North Macedonia has signed E-1 and E-2 treaty with United States since November 15, 1982. As a result North Macedonian nationals can apply for special E-2 and E-1 visas for business investments.  New US regulations require residence of three years for those who made financial investment to get NM citizenship.

North Macedonia Passport

North macedonian citizens can visit EU schengen area, Turkey, Singapore, Japan, Brazil etc visa free.

As of 2023, citizens of North Macedonia had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 125 countries and territories, ranking the passport of North Macedonia 45th in terms of travel freedom according to Henley


What are the costs for North Macedonia citizenship?

It would cost EUR 200,000 one time contribution to government fund plus application and lawyer fee. Another option is economic investment of EUR 400,000 in businesses or securities.

What are the benefits of citizenship by investment?

North macedonia is a candidate country for EU membership in the future. It is a much cheaper program compared to Montenegro. Passport benefits include possibility to apply for E-1/E-2 visa to US, Visa free travel to 124 destinations including Schengen area, Japan, Ukraine, Russia, Singapore etc. It is a much cheaper program compared to Montenegro.

Is North Macedonia in Schengen?

No, this country is not a part of schengen.

Can i invest in real estate?

There is no real estate investment option under CIP rules.

Can family members get citizenship along with investor?

Yes. Spouses, parents, children, grandparents are eligible.

What are the processing times?

The whole process can be completed in 3-4 months with one personal trip to the country.