Visa types

We have compiled full list of visa types issued by US, Canada, UK, Australia and Schengen countries in one place.  This way you will have a comprehensive understanding of visa types available and will greatly help you to make the right decision.

It is important to note passport holders from citizenship by investment programs can apply for these visas (unless there is a visa waiver) at the nearest embassy or consulate where they live. It is not required to travel to for example St Kitts/Dominica to apply for US visa. Please check with the nearest embassy or consulate for appointments.

1. Europe

Schengen countries issue the following categories of visas for travel. There are 26 schengen states

  • A – Airport transit visa
  • B – Transit visa valid for 5 days
  • C – Uniform short stay less than 90 days (tourist, business, study)
  • D – Long stay visas validity more than 90 days (for residence permit reasons)
  • LTV – Limited Territorial Visa

2. Canada

The following are the full list of visa categories for Canada.

Temporary Residence

Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)
International Experience Canada
Study Permits (including extensions)
Temporary resident permit
Visitor visa (including super visa) or extend your stay in Canada
Work Permits (including extensions)
Super visas
Diplomatic and official visas (including U.S. government officials)
Courtesy visas
Facilitation visas

Permanent Residence

Business immigration

Quebec business immigration
Self-employed people
Start-up visa


Live-in Caregiver Program
Home Child Care Provider Pilot (without the work permit fee)
Home Support Worker Pilot (without the work permit fee)

Economic immigration (including Express Entry)

Agri-food pilot
Atlantic immigration pilot
Canadian experience class
Federal skilled workers
Federal skilled trades
Provincial nominee
Rural and northern immigration pilot
Quebec-selected skilled workers

Definition and meanings

Express Entry – Immigrate as a skilled worker
Family sponsorship – Sponsor your relatives, including your spouse, partner, children, parents, grandparents, and others to immigrate
Provincial nominees – Immigrate by being nominated by a Canadian province or territory
Quebec-selected skilled workers – Immigrate as a skilled worker in the province of Quebec
Atlantic Immigration Pilot – Immigrate by graduating from a school or working in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, or Newfoundland and Labrador
Caregivers – Immigrate by providing care for children, the elderly or those with medical needs, or work as a live-in caregiver
Start-up Visa – Immigrate by starting a business and creating jobs
Self-employed – Immigrate as a self-employed person in cultural or athletic activities
Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot – Smaller Canadian communities supporting their local economy through immigration. Pilot opens to permanent resident applicants later in 2019.
Agri-Food Pilot – Immigrate by working in specific agri-food industries and occupations
Refugees – Immigrate as a refugee

3. United Kingdom

UK issues visas of the following three categories. There are 5 tiers under the work category.


  • Standard Visitor visa
  • Marriage Visitor visa
  • Permitted Paid Engagement visa
  • Parent of a Tier 4 child visa
  • Visa to pass through the UK in transit
    • Direct Airside Transit visa
    • Visitor in Transit visa


  • Tier 1 visa (high value immigrants)
    • Innovator/Startup (minimum £100,000 investment or £50,000 if qualified)
    • Exceptional Talent (recognised leader in fields of science, humanities, engineering, medicine, digital technology or the arts)
    • General (highly skilled workers, writers, composers or artists and self-employed lawyers)
    • Graduate Entrepreneur
    • Investor (minimum £2,000,000 investment)
  • Tier 2 visa (sponsored workers)
    • General
    • Intra-company Transfer (foreign company workers in a UK branch)
    • Minister of Religion
    • Sportsperson
  • Tier 5 visa (temporary work for sponsored workers)
    • Charity Worker (unpaid voluntary work)
    • Creative and sporting
    • Government Authorised Exchange
    • International Agreement
    • Religious Worker
    • Youth Mobility Scheme
  • Domestic Workers in a Private Household visa (cleaners, chauffeurs, cooks, personal care providers and nannies)
  • Representative of an Overseas Business visa (head of a UK branch or a foreign journalist on a long-term posting)
  • Turkish Businessperson visa
  • Turkish Worker visa
  • UK Ancestry visa (Commonwealth citizens with UK born parents or grandparents)
  • Croatian national registration certificates


  • Short-term study visa
  • Tier 4 visa
    • General
    • Child

4. United States

There are two types of visa categories (immigrant and non-immigrant) for entry into United States.


Purpose of TravelVisa CategoryRequired: Before applying for visa*
Athlete, amateur or professional (competing for prize money only)B-1(NA)
Au pair (exchange visitor)JSEVIS
Australian professional specialtyE-3DOL
Border Crossing Card: MexicoBCC(NA)
Business visitorB-1(NA)
CNMI-only transitional workerCW-1(USCIS)
Diplomat or foreign government officialA(NA)
Domestic employee or nanny – must be accompanying a foreign national employerB-1(NA)
Employee of a designated international organization or NATO  G1-G5, NATO(NA)
Exchange visitorJSEVIS
Foreign military personnel stationed in the United StatesA-2
Foreign national with extraordinary ability in Sciences, Arts, Education, Business or AthleticsOUSCIS
Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Professional:
Chile, Singapore
H-1B1 – Chile
H-1B1 – Singapore
International cultural exchange visitorQUSCIS
Intra-company transfereeLUSCIS
Medical treatment, visitor forB-2(NA)
Media, journalistI(NA)
NAFTA professional worker: Mexico, CanadaTN/TD(NA)
Performing athlete, artist, entertainerPUSCIS
PhysicianJ , H-1BSEVIS
Professor, scholar, teacher (exchange visitor)JSEVIS
Religious workerRUSCIS
Specialty occupations in fields requiring highly specialized knowledgeH-1BDOL then USCIS
Student: academic, vocationalF, MSEVIS
Temporary agricultural workerH-2ADOL then USCIS
Temporary worker performing other services or labor of a temporary or seasonal nature.H-2BDOL then USCIS
Tourism, vacation, pleasure visitorB-2(NA)
Training in a program not primarily for employmentH-3USCIS
Treaty trader/treaty investorE(NA)
Transiting the United StatesC(NA)
Victim of Criminal ActivityUUSCIS
Victim of Human TraffickingTUSCIS
Nonimmigrant (V) Visa for Spouse and Children of a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR)V(NA)


  • DOL = The U.S. employer must obtain foreign labor certification from the U.S. Department of Labor, prior to filing a petition with USCIS.
  • USCIS = U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) approval of a petition or application (The required petition or application depends on the visa category you plan to apply for.)
  • SEVIS = Program approval entered in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)
  • (NA) = Not Applicable – Additional approval by another U.S. government agency is not required prior to applying for a visa


Immediate Relative & Family SponsoredVisa Category
Spouse of a U.S. CitizenIR1, CR1
Spouse of a U.S. Citizen awaiting approval of an I-130 immigrant petitionK-3 *
Fiancé(e) to marry U.S. Citizen & live in U.S.K-1 *
Intercountry Adoption of Orphan Children by U.S. CitizensIR3, IH3, IR4, IH4
Certain Family Members of U.S. CitizensIR2, CR2, IR5, F1, F3, F4
Certain Family Members of Lawful Permanent ResidentsF2A, F2B
Employer Sponsored – Employment
Employment-Based Immigrants, including  (preference group):

  • Priority workers [First]
  • Professionals Holding Advanced Degrees and Persons of Exceptional Ability [Second]
  • Professionals and Other Workers [Third]
  • Employment Creation/Investors [Fifth]
  • Certain Special Immigrants: [Fourth]



E3, EW3

C5, T5, R5, I5

S (many**)

Religious WorkersSD, SR
Iraqi and Afghan Translators/InterpretersSI
Iraqis Who Worked for/on Behalf of the U.S. GovernmentSQ
Afghans Who Worked for/on Behalf of the U.S. GovernmentSQ
Other Immigrants
Diversity Immigrant VisaDV
Returning ResidentSB

5. Australia

Visitor visas

  • Electronic Travel Authority (subclass 601)
  • eVisitor (subclass 651)
  • Transit visa (subclass 771)
  • Visitor (subclass 600)
  • Work and Holiday visa (subclass 462)
  • Working Holiday visa (subclass 417)


  • Student visa (subclass 500)
  • Student Guardian visa (subclass 590)
  • Training visa (subclass 407)


  • Adoption visa (subclass 102)
  • Aged Dependent Relative visa (subclass 114)
  • Aged Dependent Relative visa (subclass 838)
  • Aged Parent visa (subclass 804)
  • Carer visa (subclass 836)
  • Carer visa (subclass 116)
  • Child visa (subclass 101)
  • Child visa (subclass 802)
  • Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 884)
  • Contributory Aged Parent visa (subclass 864)
  • Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173)
  • Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143)
  • Dependent Child visa (subclass 445)
  • New Zealand Citizen Family Relationship (temporary) visa (subclass 461)
  • Orphan Relative (subclass 117)
  • Orphan Relative (subclass 837)
  • Parent visa (subclass 103)
  • Partner (Provisional and Migrant) visa (subclass 309 100)
  • Partner visa (subclass 820 801)
  • Prospective Marriage visa (subclass 300)
  • Remaining Relative visa (subclass 115)
  • Remaining Relative visa (subclass 835)
  • Sponsored Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 870)


  • Business Innovation and Investment (permanent) visa (subclass 888)
  • Business Innovation and Investment (provisional) visa (subclass 188)
  • Business Owner (subclass 890)
  • Business Talent (Permanent) visa (subclass 132)
  • Distinguished Talent visa (subclass 124)
  • Distinguished Talent visa (subclass 858)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme (subclass 186)
  • Investor visa (subclass 891)
  • Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) visa (subclass 191)
  • Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (subclass 187)
  • Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (provisional) visa (subclass 494)
  • Skilled Independent visa (subclass 189)
  • Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190)
  • Skilled-Recognised Graduate visa (subclass 476)
  • Skilled Regional (provisional) visa (subclass 489)
  • Skilled Regional visa (subclass 887)
  • Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 491)
  • State or Territory Sponsored Business Owner visa (subclass 892)
  • State or Territory Sponsored Investor visa (subclass 893)
  • Temporary Activity visa (subclass 408)
  • Temporary Graduate visa (subclass 485)
  • Temporary Work (International Relations) visa (subclass 403)
  • Temporary Work (Short Stay Specialist) visa (subclass 400)
  • Temporary Skill Shortage visa (subclass 482)


  • Global Special Humanitarian (subclass 202)
  • Protection visa (subclass 866)
  • Refugee visas (subclass 200, 201, 203 and 204)
  • Temporary Protection visa (subclass 785)
  • Safe Haven Enterprise visa (subclass 790)


  • Bridging visa A – BVA – (subclass 010)
  • Bridging visa B – BVB – (subclass 020)
  • Bridging visa C – BVC – (subclass 030)
  • Bridging visa E – BVE – (subclass 050 and 051)
  • Crew Travel Authority visa (subclass 942)
  • Former Resident visa (subclass 151)
  • Maritime Crew visa (subclass 988)
  • Medical Treatment visa (subclass 602)
  • Resident Return visa (subclass 155 157)
  • Special Category visa (subclass 444)
  • Special Purpose visa
  • Investor Retirement visa (subclass 405)
  • Confirmatory (Residence) visa (subclass 808)


Visa database – Download pdf