Vanuatu operates two different citizenship by investment programs. Often this can be very confusing to clients. Both the programs have similar investment requirements. Here we will try to explain important differences between the two programs in best possible ways.

While DSP/VCP schemes are 90% similar, the main difference lies in voting rights and number of agents marketing the schemes.

Vanuatu Contribution Program (VCP)Development Support Program (DSP
Donation USD 130,000USD 130,000
CitizenshipOrdinary citizenship Ordinary citizenship
Honorary CitizenshipNoNo
MarketAwarded exclusively to a Hong Kong company for the Chinese marketAll countries
Right to VoteNo No
Residence requirements NoneNone
Hold Government OfficeNoNo
Real Estate No option No option
Processing times4-6 weeks6-8 weeks
Authorized agents150+
Third GenerationsParents above 50 years can applyParents above 50 years can apply
PassportOrdinary passportOrdinary passport
Oath ceremonyIn Vanuatu or Abroad or OnlineVanuatu or Abroad or Online

Note: Vanuatu made several changes to citizenship legislation in 2019 for both DSP and VCP schemes. A new REO Real estate option was introduced in 2021.

Voting rights

Right to vote is only available to naturalized or born citizen of Vanuatu, according to Vanuatu constitution published in 2020. Dual citizens cannot vote without meeting a ten-year residency requirement.