Comparison of Citizenship and Residency Programs

The following are quick comparison list of countries offering citzenship-by-investment and residence-by-investment programs to foreign nationals in various countries. Please keep in mind that most countries dont allow direct citizenships even with substantial investment but only can offer residence program against investment.

Belize, Grenada, Panama, Ireland have discontinued citizenship programs long back.

Note: We only assist clients with programs in BLUE below

  Minimum Investment Dual Nationality Personal Visit Needed Residency Program Citizenship by Investment
Austria EUR 3-4 million yes (only CBI) yes no program defunct
Antigua and Barbuda $250,000 yes ) yes no yes (caribbean passport)
Belgium EUR 400,000 yes yes yes (passport after 5 years with no residency requirements) no
Bulgaria EUR 500,000 yes   yes (passport after 10 years) yes (unofficial)
Canada CAD 800,000 (Quebec) yes yes yes (Passport after spending 1095 days plus holding PR 2years) no
Cyprus EUR 2.5 million (real estate) yes yes no yes (no residency requirement)
Dominica USD 75,000 yes yes - yes
Grenada $200,000 - yes no yes
Greece $250,000 (real estate) possible yes yes (citizenship not possible under this program) no
Hungary EUR 300,000 (Govt bonds) yes yes yes (passport after 8 years) no
Hong Kong HK$ 10 million not recognized yes yes no
Iceland - yes yes yes no (suspended)
Portugal EUR 500,000 (golden visa real estate) yes yes (residency requirement of approx 7days/year) yes (passport after 6 years) no
Spain EUR 500,000 (real estate golden visa) not possible for foreigners (except spanish speaking countries) yes (no obligatory residency requirements) yes (passport after 10 years of residency) no
Switzerland CHF 1 million+ (Lump sum program) yes yes yes (passport after 12 years but not guaranteed) no
St.Kitts and Nevis USD 250,000 yes no - yes (caribbean passport - no residency requirements)
United Kingdom GBP 2 million (UK Investor) yes yes yes (UK passport possible 5 years but must spend 9 months/year) no
United States USD 500,000 (EB5 Investor) yes yes yes (passport after 5 years and spend 2.5 years in US) no
Latvia EUR 250,000 real estate in capital Riga yes yes yes - Temporary residence permit for 5yrs and then permanent residence no
Singapore Min of SG$ 2.5 million (approx US$ 2 million) no yes yes no
Monaco EUR 1 million and above no yes yes no
Malta approx EUR 1 million (Malta IIP) yes no no yes (Passport after 12-15 months after proving residency)
Montenegro EUR 500,000 no yes yes no (suspended)
Slovakia - - - - unknown
Slovenia - - - - unknown
United States USD 500,000 yes yes yes (Green card and spend 2.5 years residency in US to qualify for US passport) no
New Zealand NZ$ 1.5 million (approx US$ 1.1 million) yes - yes no
Bahamas US$ 500,000 real estate no yes yes no
Panama Min US$60,000 on Temporary Residence yes yes yes yes ($350k bank deposit)


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This website is not affiliated to or endorsed by Government(s) or official sources. We assist clients for additional services with document preparation and filing, legal advice, housing and real estate, taxation, investment advice, which are unavailable with Government. All information including services / forms can be obtained from Govt authorities for free.

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Disclaimer: This website is not affiliated to or endorsed by Government(s) or official sources. We assist clients for paid services with document preparation and filing, housing and real estate, tax advice, liaison and investments. More specific information about the programs are available with the Govt websites of respective countries. The information contained in this website is based on general purpose only and it does not meant to substitute qualified legal or professional advice given by a specialist knowing your particular situation. We do not accept for any loss or damages whether direct, incidental, indirect, special, or consequential, among others, relating access to this Website. No part of this site may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without our prior written permission. All other works are copyrighted works of our partners, which had been reproduced with prior permission .Terms & Conditions